Thursday, 1 November 2007

Critical Analysis - Producing The News

News values are essential to a journalist seeing an every day event as news.

Firstly the frequency of the event is questioned e.g. does this event occur regularly. The events threshold is also questioned along with its composition and finally its continuity.

Some events can be bought to life through personification e.g. an individual’s experience of an event. An example of this would be a person who was involved in the 9/11 bombings, giving their account on the event.

In order for journalists to be organised to produce news they must first go on: ‘The Beat’.

‘The Beat’ has a history beyond those who are currently working it. It is therefore important for a reporter to be assigned to a project but not own it e.g. working a sports related story.

It is also important that a journalist understands the structure of different news values.

Firstly a story must be able to hold an audiences attention. A story could do this be either being important/relevant to current activities in the news or by being entertaining.

A story must also be accessible. In order to do this the story must be prominent to attract attention. An example of this in a local area could be the proposed plans to build a new supermarket.

Finally the story must fit in with the pragmatics of technical and organisational production.

A potential news story must also through a production cycle, which is comprised of: a planning stage, a gathering stage and a selection and production process.

The planning of a story must be able to predict long term events and therefore be able to be continued or added to. An example of this could be the disappearance of Madeline McCann.

Information must then be gathered by various correspondents. The story then goes through a selection process where it is culled, collated and edited.

Finally the story is organised into a form that fits audience’s expectations. These expectations would differ between the broadsheets and the tabloids.

Word Count: 331

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